From WikiTI
Revision as of 03:15, 13 December 2007 by Timendus (Talk | contribs)

Jump to: navigation, search

Starting with assembly programming can be quite a pain. You need to find yourself an assembler, preferably a nice emulator, and lots of documentation. While this wiki provides you with a lot of documentation, and many websites and teams can provide you with links to good tutorials, people keep asking the community how to get started. I hope this will answer their questions once and for all :)


Getting a ROM dump

Getting a ROM dump is the essential first step of running a calculator emulator. Because the calculator operating system is intellectual property of Texas Instruments, it is illegal to distribute ROM images, but you can extract your own ROM image from your own calculator under "Fair use" regulations.

To download your own ROM image from your calculator to your PC you need some software. Your options are:

  • Rom8x
  • Uhm... need to find some more ;) has an excellent howto page on getting a ROM image here. Or, you could do a Google search on something like TI83.rom, and see what comes up.

Of course, if you want to develop an operating system yourself (if you're working on Vera for example) you don't need a ROM image.

Getting emulator software

The second step is selecting an emulator that suits you:

  • Virtual TI - Long time favourite, but mostly because it was the only one
  • PindurTI - Very basic emulator with very good hardware emulation and animated screenshotting
  • WabbitEmu - The newest breed, with a very nice GUI and a port to MAC, Linux is on the way

There are a few more, but these are the most popular. Virtual TI's emulation is quite poor compared to the others, but the others are still under development. It's usually best to have a few around so that in case you run into something unexpected you can get a second opinion from another emulator.

Please read the respective README's on how to get your ROM image running in these emulators.


An assembler -- sometimes referred to as "compiler", though formally it is no such thing -- can assemble your source code into binaries for the Z80 processor that runs our calculators.

Choice of assembler

Once again, you'll have to make a choice. A few years ago, things were simple; there was TASM and nothing else, so you'd use TASM. These days we have TASM, Brass and Spasm (and probably a few others), all with subtle little differences and improvements, but the latter two are clearly superior to the old TASM. Brass is written in C# for .NET, and can run under Linux using Mono. Spasm was written in C, and has been ported to Linux(?).

Assembling source to binaries

The syntax for assembling input.asm to either output.8xp or output.83p is:

Brass.exe input.asm output.8?p


wabbitspasm input.asm output.8?p

Both modern assemblers can output files in TI calculator specific formats, which TASM can not. Spasm will do this automatically(?), and in the case of Brass you can specify your output format in your source code:

.binarymode TI8X

Include files


Hello World

Save this file as hello.asm:

#include ""


    ld hl,string

    .db "Hello world!",0